The development and operation of offshore wind energy in Ontario could, between 2013 and 2026, create an average of 3,900 to 4,400 jobs per year during the construction phase, according to a Conference Board of Canada report assessing the potential contribution of offshore wind generation to the province's electricity supply, employment and economic activity.
Offshore wind energy would also produce peak employment of 600 permanent positions in the operations and maintenance of offshore wind turbines. These outcomes are based on reaching 2,000 MW of generation capacity over 15 years. The emergence of such an industry would add between C$4.8 and C$5.5 billion to Ontario's economy during the 2013-2026 period, according to the report, titled ‘Employment and Economic Impacts of Ontario's Future Offshore Wind Power Industry.’
Ontario has made a long-term commitment to renewable electricity, in part to eliminate generation from coal-fired plants. The government's feed-in-tariff (FIT) program has attracted the interest of the global wind power industry. Offshore wind is one of the renewable generation sources permitted in the FIT program, which offers long-term contracts at guaranteed prices for qualifying projects.
The study, which was financed by Vestas Offshore AS, quantifies the combined direct, indirect and induced economic effects on economic indicators, such as real gross domestic product (GDP), employment, income and government revenues.
The analysis finds that over the 2013 to 2026 period the development of Ontario's offshore wind industry would lead to a cumulative total of C$10.04 billion in real capital investment and operations spending.
The contributions to GDP identified in the study are based on the share of local procurement, which is required to be a minimum of 50% under the FIT program. In the base case scenario of 55% being sourced locally, C$4.8 billion is added to the Ontario economy; under a scenario where 63% of inputs come from local procurement, C$5.5 billion in real GDP is generated.
In its analysis, the Conference Board assumes that seven projects in Ontario would add 2,000 MW of offshore wind capacity by 2026 (which is 5.7% of the total current generating capacity in Ontario of 35,000 MW). This would comprise about 20% of the renewable energy target set in the Ontario government's recently announced Long Term Energy Plan, which calls for renewable capacity from wind, solar and bioenergy to rise from 1,657 MW this year to 10,700 MW in 2018.
The potential offshore wind projects identified by the study would contribute 1,014 MW of that growth in renewable capacity by 2018, plus an additional 986 MW in the longer term.
There are currently no offshore wind farms in operation or under construction in North America. Two major Ontario projects – both in Lake Ontario near Kingston – are progressing toward implementation, which together would add 714 MW of capacity.
SOURCE: Conference Board of Canada