The European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) has published its analysis of the 27 National Renewable Energy Action Plans submitted by the European Union (EU) member states to the European Commission.
The action plans show that these nations will exceed the EU's goal of obtaining 20% renewable energy by 2020.
The action plans show that one-third (34%) of EU electricity demand will be supplied from renewables by 2020. Wind energy will generate 14% of Europe's total electricity demand in 2020 (494 TWh from 213 GW installed capacity). This is more than any other renewable source and an increase from 4.2% in 2009. Ireland will have the highest wind energy penetration level at 36.4% of its total electricity demand, followed by Denmark at 31%.
Fifteen member states plan to exceed their national target, led by Bulgaria at 2.8% above its target, Spain (2.7%), Greece (2.2%), Hungary (1.7) and Germany (1.6%). Ten member states will meet their national target. Two member states – Luxembourg (-2.1%) and Italy (-0.9%) – have informed the European Commission that they envisage using the cooperation mechanisms to meet their national targets.
‘It is very encouraging that 25 of the 27 EU countries intend to either exceed or meet their target,’ says Justin Wilkes, policy director for EWEA. ‘This shows the vast majority of EU countries clearly understand the benefits of deploying renewable energy technologies, particularly wind power.’
The 34% of EU electricity demand met by renewables in 2020 is made up of 14% from wind energy (10% onshore, 4% offshore), 10.5% from hydro, 6.6% from biomass, 2.7% from solar photovoltaic, 0.5% from concentrated solar power, 0.3% from geothermal and 0.1% from ocean.
SOURCE: European Wind Energy Association