Successful 24-Hour Islanding Test For Utility-Scale Microgrid In Illinois

Posted by Joseph Bebon on August 17, 2017 1 Comment

Ameren Corp., a Midwest-based energy company, and S&C Electric Co., a smart grid solutions provider, conducted a successful 24-hour islanding test this month at the recently deployed Ameren microgrid in Champaign, Ill.

The microgrid – which the partners tout as one of the most technologically advanced utility-scale microgrids in North America – has been operational since May and has now proven it can provide a seamless transition from grid-connected to island mode.

Ameren-1 Advanced Microgrid Passes 24-Hour Islanding Test In Illinois
The test focused specifically on the 50 kW microgrid at the site, which powers an Ameren research facility. The partners says the complete microgrid includes 225 kW of renewable generation (solar PV and wind) and 250 kW/500 kWh of battery energy storage.

The test began at 8 a.m. on Aug. 3, with the battery’s state of charge at 97% capacity. Once the battery was depleted to 90% capacity, solar and wind generation kicked in, simultaneously carrying the load and charging the battery. This pattern continued throughout the day, never letting the battery fall lower than 88% capacity. In short, the partners say microgrid functioned without any human interaction, automatically coordinating resources and ensuring power never faltered.

The entirety of the test can be seen here, indicating when the battery was being discharged and when renewable generation was used. Upon conclusion of the 24-hour test, the microgrid successfully moved back into grid-connected mode without any loss of power for end users.

“We have one of the few microgrids in the world that operates at utility-scale voltages and can seamlessly transition from grid-connected to islanded mode,” says Ron Pate, senior vice president of operations and technical services at utility subsidiary Ameren Illinois. “This successful test provided tangible proof that the system can accomplish what it was designed to do. The microgrid isn’t theoretical and our tests don’t need to be lab simulations. We were able to prove that this technology works and can provide key benefits to our customers.”

During the test, the Ameren microgrid functioned on 100% renewable energy throughout the day. Many microgrids of this scale need to rely on rotating machines or generators, which prevent 100% penetration of renewable energy in these situations. At the Ameren microgrid, when the generation exceeds the load, the excess powers the battery. With a rotating machine, the influx of generation would have caused the system to trip due to penetration limits.

“When designing this microgrid, we were confident that the seamless transition and the ability to run solely on renewable generation would be two of the biggest features to this system,” says David Chiesa, senior director of business development at S&C. “Microgrids are becoming more commonplace on the grid, and this test continues to prove how impactful they can be for energy users.”

Microgrid photo previously provided courtesy of Ameren

Comments

  1. Well what’s needed is a system design that provides power on demand, reliably 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and 52 weeks a year. To achieve that without diesel back-up generators, I would recommend –

    store energy capacity = 1.5 days x peak demand power
    annual maximum wind (+ solar) power = 7 x peak demand power
    (assuming I only know the system’s peak demand power) –

    So for this Ameren micro-grid where I assume “the 50 kW microgrid at the site, which powers an Ameren research facility” means that the peak demand power is 50kW, I would therefore recommend
    (see Grid Watch Demand Focus Table http://scottish.scienceontheweb.net/Wind%20power%20storage%20back-up%20calculator.htm?peak=50&units=kW#grid )

    storage energy = 1.5 days x 50kW = 36 hours x 50kW = 1800 kWh
    (whereas all the Ameren system has is “500kWh” which is too little by a factor of 3.6

    annual maximum wind (+ solar) power = 7 x 50kW = 350 kW
    (whereas all the Ameren system has is “250kW” which is too little by a factor of 1.4

    By “too little” I mean too little for 24/7/52 operation, even though the Ameren system worked perfectly well in the test conditions of that particular 24 hours. Clearly wind and solar power have days of plenty and days of shortage. My recommendations tell you how to design a system that works even on the days of shortage – for those dark days of winter when there’s not much wind blowing either – that’s when your system design gets its ultimate test.

    However, my above recommendation assumes that the system’s average power demand is about 60% (30kW) of peak power – (50kW), with an average daily energy usage of 24 hours x 30kW = 720kWh and a higher maximum daily energy usage.

    If the average power used is significantly lower than 30kW and in particular if the maximum daily energy usage is significantly lower than 720kWh then it may well be that not so much storage or wind+solar generation is required.

    Supposing although a micro-grid had a peak demand power of 50kW its maximum daily energy usage never was as much as 720kWh but was a lot less.

    Let’s assume that the average power was, say, only about 10kW and their average daily usage only 24 hours x 10kW = 240kWh, but their maximum daily energy usage in any one day was a maximum of 482kWh.

    Then all that would be need would be (see Off-grid daily usage Focus Table http://scottish.scienceontheweb.net/Wind%20power%20storage%20back-up%20calculator.htm?usage=482&units=kW#off )

    energy storage – 1157 kWh and annual maximum wind (+solar) power = 225 kWh

    which is still a factor of 2.3 times more energy storage the Ameren microgrid has (500kWh) but is exactly the wind+solar power they have.

    So it all really depends on what the maximum daily energy usage of the system is. Peak power doesn’t completely specify a system’s generation and storage requirements because both peak power and maximum daily energy usage are important design considerations.

    Likewise, a 50kW micro-grid which always runs flat out at 50kW (peak demand power was also the average power) and therefore had a maximum daily energy usage of 24 x 50kW = 1200kWh would have a greater energy storage and generation requirement.
    (See Off-grid daily usage Focus Table http://scottish.scienceontheweb.net/Wind%20power%20storage%20back-up%20calculator.htm?usage=1200&units=kW#off )

    In this case more energy storage 2880 kWh and maximum wind+solar power 560 kW would be required.
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    Adopting the recommendation derived from scientific computer modelling that the energy storage capacity be about 5 hours times the wind power capacity, the tables offer rows of previously successful modelled system configurations – row A, a configuration with no back-up power and rows B to G offering alternative ratios of wind power to back-up power. Columns consist of adjustable power and energy values in proportion to fixed multiplier factors.

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