DOE Strategizes to Accelerate Domestic Offshore Wind Deployment


The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) says it has released its Offshore Wind Energy Strategy, a summary of the department’s efforts to meet President Joe Biden’s goal to deploy 30 GW of offshore wind energy by 2030 and set the nation on a pathway to 110 GW or more by 2050. 

Deploying 30 GW of offshore wind would provide enough power for 10 million homes, support 77,000 jobs, and spur $12 billion per year in direct private investment. The department-wide strategy outlines how DOE will support the Biden-Harris administration’s whole-of-government approach to accelerate the deployment of offshore wind in support of achieving a carbon-free electricity sector by 2035.

“The transformative potential of offshore wind energy is critical to achieving President Biden’s bold clean energy goals,” says U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm. “As our Offshore Wind Energy Strategy shows, we’re leveraging all resources across our department to harness this clean and reliable American energy source, which will create tens of thousands of good-paying, union jobs and revitalize coastal communities.”

Offshore wind is rapidly growing around the world, becoming a central part of international decarbonization and a vital part of coastal economies, and the domestic potential to harness offshore wind is now emerging. There are currently 40 GW of offshore wind in various stages of development, which suggests the potential for substantial expansion. The strategy categorizes DOE’s offshore wind efforts into four pillars:

  • Now: Lower costs from $73 per MWh to $51 per MWh by 2030, develop a domestic supply chain, and inform sustainable, just deployment of fixed-bottom offshore wind.
  • Forward: Achieve the Floating Offshore Wind Shot goal of reducing cost by over 70% to $45/MWh by 2035, establish U.S. leadership in floating offshore wind design and manufacturing, and inform sustainable, just deployment of floating offshore wind.
  • Connect: Enable reliable and resilient transmission solutions for large-scale offshore wind deployment.
  • Transform: Expand offshore wind co-generation technologies for widespread electrification and decarbonization.

Collectively, these four pillars seek to support offshore wind development in a manner that is economic, just and environmentally sustainable. For decades, DOE’s Wind Energy Technologies Office (WETO) investments in research and development have supported the technological advances that helped commercialize wind energy production in the United States.  

The DOE Offshore Wind Strategy helps connect work happening at WETO and across 15 other DOE offices with specific roles in achieving the Biden-Harris administration’s offshore wind goals and continuing America’s transition to a clean energy economy.

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