The two bodies under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that advise and implement parties' decisions on climate action successfully concluded their work with a number of draft decisions that will be put forward for adoption in the final plenary of the conference on Dec. 10.
The two groups are the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation. The draft decisions included decisions on continued, strengthened support for developing countries' efforts in adaptation and mitigation, including concrete technology transfer projects.
‘These advances form an important part of the groundwork for strengthened global climate change action,’ says Patricia Espinosa, president of the conference and secretary for foreign affairs of Mexico. ‘They also clearly show that countries have come to Cancun in good faith to show the world that the multilateral process can deliver as long as a spirit of compromise, cooperation and transparency prevails.’
The decisions include a near agreement that carbon capture and storage may be an eligible project activity under the Kyoto Protocol's clean development mechanism, provided it complies with stringent risk and safety assessments.
Another achievement was a decision to broaden the mandate of a least-developed countries (LDC) expert group and extend its mandate for a five-year term. The group provides technical guidance and advice to LDCs on the preparation and implementation of national adaptation programs of action (NAPAs).
Countries also agreed to strengthen education, training and public awareness on climate change through increased funding for such activities, and to engage civil society more strongly in national decision-making and the U.N. climate-change process.